Ciudad Sandino: A Pre-Hispanic Legacy

Numerous archaeological investigations have been conducted in Managua, especially along the shore of Lake Xolotlan. Ciudad Sandino is located on the northwestern corner of Managua. The first excavations were done in 1995, but since 2012 intensive investigations have included another 17 studies; this is an excellent example of ‘community archaeology’ with close collaboration between archaeologists and community members. The archaeological discoveries are exhibited in an on-site museum.


Burial urns are aligned north to south, and oriented in an east/west direction. To date, ten secondary burials have been excavated, with associated offerings. Based on diagnostic pottery these date between 800 to 1250 CE. Some evidence of status difference is based on the presence of grave goods, including a polychrome vessel of the Papagayo type.


Skeletal remains from the cemetery.


Ceramics associated with the burials. 

Museo Sandino

The museum is located in the municipal building of Ciudad Sandino. Founded in 2011, it offers educational programs about the archaeological patrimony of the town, through visitations to the public and to school groups. It is the only national museum whereby 95% of the collections come from archaeological contexts. 

The mystery bullet

This mystery bullet was found inside of a Sacasa Striated burial urn, that also contained a secondary burial that is presumably pre-Hispanic.

According to the comparative analysis of the bullet it belongs to the mid-19th century, therefore, it suggests that this burial practice continued into the historical period in Ciudad Sandino.

Juan Bosco Moroney y Orvin Zambrana, Dirección de Patrimonio Cultural y Alcaldía de Ciudad Sandino.






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